Circuit Fantôme

Season 3 Episode 4

Bernard Parmegiani

presented and performed live by Daniel Teruggi
Octophonic Series
curated by Anton Iakhontov and Daniel Teruggi

 September 15 - September 16, 2023 | 18.00-22.00

      Veronikag. 24
      1170 Wien

Supported by Stadt Wien Kultur

About the Series

Live performance | Listening sessions

Circuit fantôme is a performance series for octophonic music. It is put together by Anton Iakhontov and Daniel Teruggi and takes place in Vronihof, 1170 Vienna. 

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Circuit Fantôme Season 3 Episode 4

De natura sonorum, 1975, 50’
presented and performed live by Daniel Teruggi

What will happen in this Episode?

Bernard Parmegiani

Bernard Parmegiani (27 October 1927 − 21 November 2013) was a French composer best known for his electronic or acousmatic music.

Between 1957 and 1961 he studied mime with Jacques Lecoq, a period he later regarded as important to his work as a composer. He joined the Groupe de Recherches Musicales (GRM) in 1959 for a two-year master class, shortly after its founding by Pierre Schaeffer. After leaving his studies with Lecoq, he was first a sound engineer and was later put in charge of the Music/Image unit for French television (ORTF). There he worked in the studio with several notable composers, Iannis Xenakis, for example.

While at ORTF Parmegiani produced music for numerous film directors including Jacques Baratier and Peter Kassovitz, and for A, a 1965 short film animated by Jan Lenica. He also wrote a number of jingles for the French media and the "Indicatif Roissy" that preceded every PA announcement at Terminal 1 of Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris until 2005.

Parmegiani composed his first major work, Violostries, for violin and tape in 1964 for a choreography performed for Théâtre Contemporain d'Amiens directed by Jacques-Albert Cartier. During a visit to America in the late 1960s, Parmegiani researched the link between music and video and on his return produced several musical videos, including L'Œil écoute, and L'Écran transparent (1973) during a residency at Westdeutscher Rundfunk in Germany. In the 1970s, he also became involved with live performances of jazz and performed with the Third Ear Band in London.

At this time Parmegiani also started writing acousmatic pieces for performance in the concert hall: examples are Capture éphémère of 1967 which deals with the passage of time, and L'Enfer (1972), a collaboration with the composer François Bayle, based on Dante's Divine Comedy.

Parmegiani composed the music for Walerian Borowczyk's films Jeux des Anges (1964) and Docteur Jekyll et les femmes (1981), the soundtrack for the latter comprising cues Parmegiani re-arranged from his 1972 work Pour en finir avec le pouvoir d'Orphée.

In 1992 Parmegiani left the GRM and set up his own studio in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. In April 2010 he sat on the jury at the sixth Qwartz Electronic Music Awards, a promotional project and support group for electronic music artists.

Parmegiani has been cited as a major influence by younger experimentalists like Aphex Twin, Autechre and Sonic Youth. Works of his were performed at the All Tomorrow's Parties festivals in 2003 and 2008.

De Natura Sonorum, 1975, 50’

Bernard Parmegiani about De Natura Sonorum:
"[In it] I distanced myself from the power of sound, from what I call the power of Orpheus. Orpheus charmed the plants and animals with his lyre, and in the pieces I composed prior to De Natura Sonorum I was under the spell of the sounds: I created sounds that evolved and that I found satisfying and I left it at that."

Daniel Teruggi

Daniel Teruggi studied Physics, composition and piano in Argentina. In 1977 he moved to France where he studied at the Paris National Conservatory. In 1981, he starts working at INA (National Audiovisual Institute), at the Groupe de Recherches Musicales (GRM). In 1997 he become Director of the Groupe de Recherches Musicales of INA, position he kept until his retirement in 2017. From October 2001 to 2016 he was simultaneously Director of the Research and Experimentation Department of INA.

In the Research domain, he has been actively working on the preservation of audiovisual collections and particularly electroacoustic music. He has been the coordinator of the FP6 European project PrestoSpace, dedicated to the development of new technology for Digital preservation and the FP7 European project PrestoPRIME, dedicated to the long-term preservation of audiovisual digital contents.  He also participated to the Prest4U project which analyses the needs and perspectives for digital audiovisual preservation in different domains ranging from educational collections to users’ needs.  He has been member of the Europeana project and Foundation, General Secretary and Treasurer of the International Federation of Audiovisual Archives (FIAT/IFTA) as well as founding member of the Electroacoustic Musical Studies Network (EMS) dedicated to electroacoustic music analysis.

He has composed more than 90 works mainly for the concert; using electroacoustic devices in acousmatic situations or with live instruments. He is the author of numerous research articles on the sound and perception of music or musical analysis. His music has been performed in more than 30 countries and published in various CD collections.

Doctor in Art and Technology at the University of Paris VIII, he developed an important educational activity at the Paris I University, around sound and the visual arts, Paris IV Sorbonne around the analysis of electroacoustic music and more recently with Paris Est University, Marne la Vallée, where he was responsible for the Acousmatic and Sound Arts Master. He has been visiting professor at the Universities of Hertfordshire (England), University TU Berlin, 3 of Febrero (Argentina), and SMUC of Barcelona. In 2016, he received the "SMPTE Archival Technology Medal Award" for his efforts in the preservation of audiovisual content, especially music.

Retired since 2018 he continues his musical activity as well as his activity in the Audiovisual Preservation domain.